The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, May 14, 1880 PUBLIC SCHOOL EXAMINATIONS –

Prof. Shaub is making his annual rounds for the purpose of holding public school teachers’ examinations, commencing at 9 A.M. on each day. The following are the dates and places in this section: Elizabeth township, May 28, Brickerville; Clay township, May 29, Durlach; Manheim township, June 1, Neffsville; West Earl township, June 21, Earlville (Btownstown); Manheim borough and Penn township, June 24, Manheim; Warwick township and Lititz district, June 25, Lititz.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, June 8, 1880 VARIETIES – 

The annual teachers’ examination for Lititz district and Warwick township will be held in the Lititz public school building on Friday, June 25th .


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, July 2, 1880 TEACHERS’ EXAMINATION AND SCHOOL APPOINTMENTS –

Prof. Shaub, county Superintendent of public schools, held the annual teachers’ examination for Warwick township and Lititz district in the Lititz public school building on Friday last. There were only seven who entered the class, of which six were fortunate enough to get certificates. Mr. Shaub;s examination of the teachers was not very severe, yet some of them could not answer some of the most simple questions. Prof. Shaub does the right thing in his examination by occasionally leaving school books and referring to subjects of the day by which means he can soon find out whether a teacher reads newspapers. Judging by the answers of some of them we should think they have entirely neglected their education in the direction of newspaper reading. Before the close of the day’s session the directors of Warwick township made known the school appointments for the coming session, as follows:

  • Brunnerville – Miss Sallie Bruckart
  • Rome – Miss Lou. S. Yetter
  • Warwick – H.N. Biemesderfer
  • New Haven – Jerome Biemesderfer
  • Fairview – John L. Huber
  • Buch’s – Isaac Huber
  • Lexington – Miss Lizzie
  • Workman Lexington
  • Union – H.W. Diehm
  • Millport – A.M. Stauter
  • Pine Hill – H.P. Fry
  • Sunny Side – Miss Emma Habecker
  • Rothsville – J.A. Meily Lower
  • Rothsville – John F. Ruth


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, September 3, 1880 Recordings –

The public schools of Warwick township will open on the 20th September. According to the last school report of Pennsylvania, the average cost for each pupil in the state is 80 cents per month.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, March 4, 1881 LEXINGTON SCHOOL REPORT –

The following is a brief report of the Lexington Union School, H.W. Diehm, teacher, for the month ending February 21: Whole number of pupils enrolled 40; males, 16; females, 24; percentage of males, 94; percentage of females, 90; total 92.

Names of pupils who have not missed a day during the month: Oscar Hackman, Phares Enck, Monroe Zartman, Benj. Eckert, Wayner Enck, Harry Fetter, Ella G. Kryder, Alice Fetter, Cora L. Gantz, Emma Fetter, Lizzie Hackman, Clara I. Schreiner, Emma A. Schreiner, Lizzie C. Zartman, Emma G. Kryder, Clara Hertz.

The following pupils missed the number of words supplemented to their names: Lizzie Zartman 1, Leone Williams 1, Emma Schreiner 1, Wm. Williams 1, Emma Weidman 1, Emma Kryder 1, Monroe W. Phillippi 2, J.L. Hertz 2.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, April 8, 1881 REPORT OF LEXINGTON UNION SCHOOL –

The following is a brief report of the above-named school for the last month, ending March 23d: Number of male pupils, 16; females, 24; average attendance of males, 15; female, 22.

Twelve boys have not missed a day during the month. Their names are Monroe Eckert, William Enck, Harry Fetter, Wayne Enck, Ben. Eckert, M. Zartman, Phares Enck, Phares Weidman, Wilson Gantz, Oscar Hackman, J.L. Hertz, Wilson Schreine

The following girls attended every day during the month: Emma Zartman, Callie V. Hertz, Ella Kryder, Alice Fetter, Cora Gantz, Emma Fetter, Lizzie Hackman, Clara Hertz, Emma Schreiner, Sallie Enck, Lizzie Zartman, Emma Kryder.

Monroe Phillippi, Wm. Williams, and Emma Weidman, of the 2d A spelling class, have not missed any words during the month.

Alice Fetter, Harry Fetter, Wilson Schreiner, Ella Kryder, Monroe Zartman, Mary Miller, Emma Zartman, of the smaller class, have also stood without being trapped. H.W. DIEHM, Teacher


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, April 8, 1881 VARIETIES –

A spelling bee was held in the Rome school on Monday evening, and was largely attended. The prize for best spelling was awarded to ____ Gibble, consisting of the book entitled “Robinson Crusoe.”


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, May 13, 1881 TEACHERS’ EXAMINATIONS –

County Superintendent B.F. Shaub, will hold teachers’ examinations as follows: Salisbury, May 16; Caenarvonm May 18; Earl, May 19; West Earl, May 20; East Lampeter, May 23; Bart, May 24; Paradise, May 25; Manor and Washington, May 26; Warwick and Lititz, May 27; Rapho, May 28; East Cocalico and Adamstown, May 30; Brecknock, May 31; West Cocalico, June 1; Upper Leacock, June 2; Pequea, June 3.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, June 3, 1881 EXAMINATION OF TEACHERS –

Prof. B.F. Shaub on Friday last held the annual teacher’s examination for Warwick township and Lititz district in one of the public school rooms. Fifteen entered the class, and the examination was confined principally on history and geography. Among the number one failed and did not make her appearance in the afternoon, while the rest passed through successfully and were highly praised by the superintendent.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, June 10, 1881 SCHOOL BOARD MEETINGS AND APPOINTMENT OF TEACHERS –

The school board of Warwick township met at the Kemper House on Monday afternoon and organized by re-electing Peter Witmer, president, E.N. Eoy(?), secretary, and C.H. Bomberger treasurer. Teacher for the thirteen schools in the township were then balloted for, resulting as follows:

  • Warwick – Hiram P. Fry
  • Rome – Lou. S. Yetter
  • Lookout – Horace N. Biemesderfer
  • Sunny Side – J. Lincoln Hertz
  • Millport – John A. Meiley
  • Lower Rothsville – A.N. Stauter
  • Upper Rothsville – John F. Ruth
  • Union – Hiram W. Diehm
  • Lexington – John H. Enck
  • Fairview – Martin M. Fieles
  • New Haven – Jerome Beimesderfer
  • Buch’s – Isaac K. Huber
  • Brunnerville – Sallie Bruckart


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, June 24, 1881 NEW SCHOOL HOUSE –

A Special meeting of the board of school directors of Warwick township was held at the Kemper House on Saturday evening. A new school house was agreed upon, to be erected along the road leading from Millport to Rothsville, about midway between the two villages. Work will be commenced in July and the building is to be finished so that a school can be opened in the fall.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, September 16, 1881 ROTHSVILLE BRIEFS –

Two new school houses are being erected in the village and are fast arriving at completion.


The Lititz Express, September 17, 1881 Brunnerville Items –

School opens with Miss Sarah Bruckhart as pedagoguess. She is an experienced and successful teacher, and her school will no doubt show the effect of her abilities.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, January 13, 1882 ROME SCHOOL REPORT OF WEEKLY REVIEW –

The following named boys and girls have passed a very credible review, and deserve much praise in all their respective studies for the week ending January 6: Fanny Hess, Katie Dommy, Mamie Dommy, Mamie Helman, Sadie Helman, Louisa Imhoff, Louisa Imhoff, Wayne Habecker, Elam Habecker, Henry Hess, and Clayton Hackman.

Lizzie Pfautz, Lizzie Gibble, Henry Gibble, and Christ. Hess succeeded admirable in orthography, grammas, reading, literature, etc., but failed to make the mark in physical geography. John Bender, Monroe Kile, Samuel Graybill, Christ. Graybill, John Gingrich, and Morris Sellers did not fail in their review, but fell somewhat below the standard percentage. L.S. YETTER, Teacher


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, January 20, 1882 ROME SCHOOL REPORT OF WEEKLY REVIEW –

It gives me excessive pleasure to state that the rate of increase in the number of pupils having perfect reviews for the week ending Jan. 13, is 50 per cent. The number has become twenty out of a school of thirty.

The following named boys and girls have been quite successful in all their branches: Lizzie Gibble, Lizzie Pfautz, Mamie Dommy, Mamie Helman, Fanny Hess, Katie Dommy, Sadie Helman, Henry Gibbel, Christ Hess, Isaac Pfautz, Elam Habecker, Clayton Roth, Sammy Sellers, Henry Hess, Henry Frank, John Bender, Elmer Sellers, Wayne Habecker, Morris Sellers, and Monroe Kile.

Some of the last named boys failed in their literature, but as that is not a regular study, we do not include it. L.S.YETTER, Teacher



The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, January 27, 1882 ROME SCHOOL REPORT OF WEEKLY REVIEW – 

The following names boys and girls passed a successful review in all the branches which were reviewed: Lizzie Gibbel, Lizzie Pfautz, Mamie Dommy, Mamie Helman, Fanny Hess, Katie Dommy, Sadie Helman, Henry Gibbel, Christ Hess, Wayne Habecker, Henry Frank, Abraham Sellers, Elam Habecker, Clayton Roth, Clayton Hackman, Henry Hess, John Gingrich, John Bender, Elmer Sellers, Morris Sellers, succeeded in all but political geography.

Arithmetic was not reviewed, as we deviated the regular routine after three o’clock, and devoted an hour to recitations and declamations, which was a very pleasant and entertaining feature of the afternoon. LOU S. YETTER, Teacher


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, February 10, 1882 ROME SCHOOL REPORT –

The following named boys and girls passed successfully in all their respective studies: Lizzie Gibbel, Mamie Dommy, Fanny Hess, Katie Dommy, Henry Gibbel, Christ Hess, Abram Sellers, Henry Frank, Henry Hess, Clayton Hackman, Isaac Pfautz, Elam Habecker, Clayton Roth, and Sammy Graybill.

Mamie Helman, Monroe Kile, John Bender and Morris Sellers succeeded in some of the branches, but totally failed in a few others. In the afternoon we were honored by the visit of two schools, the Earlville, taught by Miss Alice Reidenbach, and the Summit Level, Manheim twp. taught by Mr. W.G. Edwards.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, February 17, 1882 ROME SCHOOL REPORT –

The following named boys and girls succeeded in passing a perfect review of all their studies for the week ending January 20: Mamie Dommy, Mamie Helman, Katie Dommy, Fanny Hess, Mattie Graybill, Sadie Helman, Henry Gibbel, Henry Frank, Christ Graybill, Isaac Pfautz, Henry Hess, Clayton Roth, Elam Habecker, Samuel Graybill, Clayton Hackman and Samuel Sellers.

Wayne Habecker came very near the mark, as he got along very nicely in all his studies but arithmetic. Monroe Kile in all but reading. We devoted one hour’s time Friday afternoon to the organization of a literary society consisting of the pupils of the A and B Classes. Our question for debate one week hence is: Resolved, “That intoxicating drink has done more harm in the world than any other vice.” Besides the debate, we have referred questions to be answered; also a recitation and select reading, and a paper to which members of the society contribute.

L.S. YETTER, Teacher


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning February 24, 1882[No Headline on this commentary]

It is a lamentable story that comes to us from a good source of the great disobedience of the male scholars attending the Fairview school, near New Haven, this county. The shameless conduct of the boys has given rise to much ill-feeling between the teacher and parents and has gone so far as to necessitate the suspension of six of them. The prevalence of depravity amongst the male scholar is almost wonderful, and we are informed that not only the present teacher but former ones have had much trouble in the school on this account. It is scarcely safe to locate the blame particularly, but it is very plain that the parents of these refractory children have the power to aid in checking their misbehavior. The indulgence of parents often leads them to overlook the faults of their children, even though these faults are very perceptible, and they thus unwittingly encourage them in their misdeeds. Let this indulgence give place to strict discipline, and the improvement will soon be marked.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, March 10, 1882 ROME SCHOOL REPORT –

The following named boys and girls passed very credibly in all their studies, for the week ending March 3: Lizzie Gibbel, Mamie Dommy, Katie Dommy, Fanny Hess, Sadie Helman, Wayne Habecker, Sammy Sellers, Henry Hess, Clayton Hackman, John Gingrich, Monroe Gable, Isaac Pfautz, Elam Hackman and Clayton Roth.

This will be the last review for this session, and a reward of a book will given to the one of the A and B class that will have the highest number of perfect lessons at the end of the term.

Our Society did very well this week, being quite entertaining. The boys and girls brought out some good points on the question, “Resolved, That the tramps should be transported to Alaska.” Judges decided in the affirmative, as did the house. Select reading, recitation, reading of the Star Weekly and sentiment roll constituted part of the programme(sic).


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, March 24, 1882

ROTHSVILLE READINGS –The lower Rothsville school, under the management of A.N. Stauter, came to a successful close for the term on March 22. He says he owes his success to the patrons of the school for their hearty support they have given him in sending their children so regularly to school, which may be seen by the following: Attendance during last month – males 28; females, 24; per cent of attendance during last month – males, 90; females 95. Per cent of attendance during term – males, 91; females, 92.

COUNTRY SCHOOLS ABOUT CLOSING -Mr. Grassman’s school, near Brickerville, closed on Wednesday last; so did Mr. John Enck’s, at Lexington, and a number of others closed later in the week.

SPELLING BEE – Miss Lou. S. Yetter’s school at Rome, will close on Wednesday of next week. An entertainment will be given on Tuesday evening, consisting of a spelling-bee, dialogues, declamations, &c. The public is cordially invited. Miss Yetter is one or our best teachers, and has been engaged in this profession for quite a time; the school, which she now controls, has had her valuable services for three or four terms. In regard to their entertainment, we can insure all who attend a very pleasant time.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, March 31, 1882 LEXINGTON SCHOOL REPORT –

The Lexington Union School closed on Tuesday, March 21, the scholars all being present with the exception of a few, who were unable to attend on account of sickness. Twelve male pupils have been attendance every day during the month and ten females. Monroe Eckert, Wm. Enck, Harry Fetter, Lizzie Hackman, Ella Kryder, Emma Zartman, Clara Schreiner, Sallie Enck, Katie Enck, have not missed a day during the term. Ella Kryder and Emma Zartman, both attending every day, have not missed one word and some not any during the last month. It was the custom for the preceding terms to be closed with a spelling bee, but the unfavorable state of the roads and changeable weather have kept us from closing the school in that way. H.D

ROTHSVILLE READING – The Pleasant View school closed on the 28th inst. This school was in charge of John F. Ruth, esq., and he is pleased with the scholars and parents for the manner in which they encouraged him.

FOUR OF ROME’S REGULAR PUPILS – Mammie Dommy has finished her eighth school-year and in this time has not missed a single day; some days she felt sick and was almost unable to go, but went nevertheless. Her sister Katie has attended six terms and missed but one and a half days in the meantime, owing to sickness. Fannie Hess has been going six years and never yet missed a day. Wayne Habecker also attended six years and within this time missed but one day. It is very seldom children are able to go to school so regularly, as they are very often more or less afflicted with some prevailing disease.

CLOSING EXERCISES – The closing exercises of the Rome public School on Tuesday evening proved to be quite a success in every respect. Long before the time for beginning exercises the school-room was the scene of numbers of ladies and gentleman, and by 8.30 the house was perfectly “packed.” The occasion passed off very pleasantly with the exception of one thing, viz: liquor; this had gotten into the heads of a few of “the boys,” and they certainly are not to be blamed for unruliness. The exercises proved very entertaining, being greeted with hearty applause by the audience. “The poetical Wedding” and “How she made him propose,” carried the laurels, which were also very interesting. It was altogether a success and no doubt every one left the house with entire satisfaction.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, May 19, 1882 ROTHSVILLE ITEMS –

A pay school was started by Miss Savilla K. Walter, and the school proves a success, as the scholars already number 30.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, June 9, 1882 ORGANIZATIONS OF SCHOOL BOARDS –

The School Board of Warwick township met at the Kemper House on Monday and organized by electing Andrew Lane president, Henry S. Miller secretary, and Peter Witmer treasurer. There was considerable discussion in giving out the schools and the hour of nine o’clock in the evening had arrived without coming to a finish. The teacher for Rome, Fairview, Lower Rothsville and Brunnerville are not yet permanently decided upon, but the board will meet again on Saturday to settle it. The following are the appointments as far as known:

  • Buch’s – Miss Sallie Bruckhart
  • Upper Rothsville – John F. Ruth
  • Lookout – Isaac K. Huber
  • Union – Hiram H. Diehm
  • West Lexington – John H. Enck
  • Millport – John A. Miley
  • Sunnyside – J. Lincoln Hertz
  • Pleasant View – Abraham Stauter
  • Martin’s – J.J. Biemesderfer
  • Warwick – Cyrus Gibble.

TEACHERS’ EXAMINATION – The examination of teachers for Lititz district and Warwick township was held on Monday last in the Lititz Grammar School room. The class consisted of sixteen members, each of which succeeded in getting a certificate and no doubt left the place with lighter hearts, as these public examinations are always more or less subject to the critical judgment of the spectator.


The Weekly Express, Saturday Morning, June 10, 1882 EDUCATIONAL – EXAMINATION AND THE SCHOOLS –

– There were seventeen in the class examined on Monday and all of them were successful, some doing credit to themselves. They were, ladies: Lou Yetter, Alice Reidenback, Ella Stark, Sallie Bruckhart, Emma Huber, Ada Bomberger and Lizzie Kemper. Gentlemen: H.P. Fry, J.L. Hertz, Hiram Diehm, I.K. Huber, D.R. Gibble, ____ Strickler, A. Stauter, J.J. Biemesderfer, H.N. Biemesderfer, J.H. Enk.

The directors of the township schools met at the Warwick House and organized by electing Andre Lane president; H.S. Miller secretary; Peter Witmer, treasurer. There was no appointment made for Rome, Fairview, Lower Rothsville or Brunnerville. The board will re-convene to-day to finally adjust matters. The appointments already made are:

  • Buch’s: Miss Sallie Bruckhart
  • Lookout: Isaac K. Huber
  • Warwick: Cyrus R. Gibbel
  • Upper Rothsville: John F. Ruth
  • Union: Hiram Diehm
  • West Lexington: John H. Enk
  • Millport: John A. Miley
  • Sunnyside: J. Lincoln Hertz
  • Pleasant View: Abraham Stauter
  • Martins: J.J. Biemesderfer
  • The probabilities are that H.P. Fry will receive the Rome school


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, June 16, 1882 APPOINTMENT OF TEACHERS –

In last week’s issue was given a partial report for Warwick, but the following is complete with one exception:

  • Lower Rothsville, vacant;
  • Upper Rothsville – J.F. Ruth
  • Pleasant View – A.N. Stauter
  • Millport – John Miley
  • Sunnyside – Lincoln Hertz
  • New Haven – J.J. Biemesderfer
  • Fairview – S. Celinda Heiser
  • Buch’s – Sarah Bruckhart
  • Lexington – John Enck
  • Union – Hiram Diehm
  • Brunnerville – Lizzie A. Kemper
  • Lookout – I.K. Huber
  • Warwick – Cyrus Gibble
  • Rome – H.P. Fry


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, August 11, 1882 ROTHSVILLE REFLECTIONS –

Our schoolhouses are getting a coat of paint, which they should have had one year ago.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, September 8, 1882 ALL AROUND HOME –

The township public school will open on Monday, September 18th .


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, September 22, 1882 EDUCATIONAL –

The Warwick township school board met at the Kemper House on Saturday for purpose of having teachers sign an agreement before entering upon their duties on Monday. The Brunnerville and Lexington schools were not given out until this meeting, when the former was given to John Enck and the latter to Lizzie Kemper. On Monday all teachers entered upon their work for a session of six months. Miss Lizzie Kemper opened with 21 pupils and seems to like teaching, which is entirely new to her.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, December 15, 1882 VARIETIES –

The Brunnerville public school, taught by John Enck, has sixty-three scholars on its roll.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, December 22, 1882 CHRISTMAS CHAT –

The Warwick township school directors are not as liberal as those of Lititz. The teachers are granted but one holiday – Christmas day.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, December 22, 1882 NEW HAVEN HAPPENINGS –

People going to market on Saturday morning at an early hour saw two tramps loitering about Martin’s school house, having a light inside. Later in the day Mr. Jerome Biemesderfer, the teacher of the school, heard of it and proceeding thither found that a shutter had been pried open, through which the tramps got inside. They started fire in the stove, cast the ashes promiscuously on the floor, and, after being thoroughly warmed up, left with a pair of slippers belonging to the teacher.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, January 19, 1883 ITEMS FROM ROTHSVILLE –

The spelling school (bee) at Millport on Tuesday evening was well attended and a success. There were some good spellers present. Lititz Notes – The public school of J. Lincoln Hertz, near Millport, enjoyed an extensive sleigh ride on Monday afternoon. The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, January 26, 1883 SLEIGHING – Isaac K. Huber’s Pine Hill school passed through town on Wednesday in a number of sleighs. The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, March 16, 1883 THIS WEEK’S DOINGS – The scholars of Cyrus Gibble’s school at Warwick will give an entertainment in the school building on Tuesday evening, March 20th .


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, March 23, 1883 CLOSING EXERCISES –

Cyrus Gibble’s Warwick school children gave a closing exhibition on Tuesday evening, when the house was crowded to its utmost. A spelling bee, declamations, speeches, and music composed the programme. The orchestra was composed of music on the mouth-organ by a boy named Eck and on a flute by young Huber. The exercises generally were interesting, but could not be distinctly heard on account of the noise which prevailed.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, March 30, 1883 THE ROME SCHOOL –

The little Rome school, taught by Hiram P. Fry, closed last week with a most gratifying report. There were 23 scholars enrolled, and the average attendance of girls was 99 and of boys 93. Three scholars are particularly worthy of mention for faithfulness and an example for others to follow. Mame Dommy has not missed a day for eight terms and her sister Kate no a day for seven terms, while Fanny Hess missed but one day in seven terms. Who can do better than these three little girls.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, April 27, 1883 TEACHER’S EXAMINATIONS –

Professor B.F. Shaub, superintendent of public schools, announces the general examinations of applicants for schools. The following are the days and places in this section:

  • Rapho township, May 17, Sporting Hill
  • West Earl township, May 17, Earlville
  • Ephrata township, May 31, Ephrata
  • Clay township, June 1, Durlach
  • Manheim township, June 6, Neffsville
  • Warwick township and Lititz, June 15, Lititz
  • Elizabeth township, July 16, Brickerville


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, May 4, 1883 ROTHSVILLE RAMBLES –

There is some talk that the lower school house, built last summer, is to be removed further south towards Millport. The idea of this we cannot understand, but as usual where there are many heads there are many notions.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, June 22, 1883 PROF. SHAUB’S EXAMINATION – HOW HE DRILLED THE APPLICANTS

Prof. Shaub held the annual teachers’ examination for Lititz and Warwick at this place on Friday last. The class was organized at 9 A.M. with thirteen in the class – five males and eight females. The Warwick township school directors were present in a body both morning and afternoon, and also the Lititz directors. The attendance of outsiders was slim and comparatively few from Lititz.

In orthography the following words were given out:

Until, gorgeous, judicial, gallery, prudential, frigidity, forage, placidness, pleberian, rinderpest, planetary, retina, rhetorician, coalition, revelation, scintillate, oxygen, malaria, righteousness, malignly, revelry, macadamize, heresy, luminary, liquefy, isosceles, italicize, Jehovah, indictment, allopathy, detriment, bayonet, grudolier, vehement, equinoctial, supersede, ebullition, duplicity, fugitive, intriguing. (All the words are as they appeared in the article.)

Six seemed the common number of words spelled incorrectly, while the highest missed was thirteen. The following problems were given to the class, the analysis to be written in full:

  1. A man bought a cask of sugar containing 400 pounds for $32. Part was damaged and he sold the remainder for five-fourths of the cost per pound, and thereby gained a sum equal to one-eighth of the purchase money, what per cent was damaged?
  2. John and James have the same income. James spends one and two-seventh times as much as John, and finds himself $98.56 in debt. What is their income?
  3. A man wished to sell a carriage and asked 25 per cent more than cost; he finally sold it for 15 per cent less than his asking price and gained $7.50. What was the asking price?
  4. A, B and C trade in company. A put in $400, B put in $2500, C put 300 barrels of flour. They gained $2300, of which C took $1000. Find the price of C’s flour per barrel?
  5. How many rods of fence will enclose a circular field containing ten acres?

The afternoon’s session was devoted mainly to the examination in geography. These are the questions given:

  • Discuss the Pacific slope the United States.
  • Discuss Japan, describe the country, characteristics of the people, government and rank.
  • Name the five leading powers in Europe.
  • Name the constant currents.
  • Name three rainless regions and tell how they are caused.
  • At the close certificates were granted to all but three – two males and one female. The Superintendent closed the session without any remarks whatever.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, June 22, 1883 WARWICK SCHOOL BOARD –

The Warwick township School board met and organized on the 4th inst. by electing F.S. Hackman president, Peter Witmer treasurer, and Henry S. Miller secretary. On the 15th inst. they met and elected the following teachers:

Buch’s – W.S. Stauffer

Warwick – Cyrus Gibble

Rome – Hiram P. Fry

Martin’s – Mary C. Smoker

Fairview – S. Celinda Heiser

Lexington – Emma V. Huber

Union – C.G.F. Miller

Brunnerville – John Ench

Lookout – Isaac Huber

Sunnyside – J.J. Biemesderfer Millport – John A. Meiley Pleasant View – Abram N. Stauter Upper Rothsville – John F. Ruth Lower Rothsville – B.F. Kopp The School Board increased the salaries of all teachers $5 per month.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, September 21, 1883

Brunnerville Bits – Our public school opened here on Monday with 43 scholars the first day, and 48 the second. This school is almost too large for one teacher to manage and it will not be many years before the directors will be compelled to erect a larger school house. Lexington Items The Lexington union school opened on Monday with 32 scholars enrolled the first day. Clayton Miller is the teacher.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, November 9, 1883

Neighborhood News – The Millport school in Warwick township was dedicated last Friday, the 2d inst. The building is a good frame structure 24 x 32 and reflects credit on all concerned. Addresses were delivered by Dr. Higbee, State Superintendent, Mr. King teacher of the school, Dr. Dellman of Oregon, Messrs. Levi Reist and Peter Reist and others


Rothsville Rambles

There is much talk about reform in both the political parties and I agree that it is necessary. But much more is it necessary to have reform in the Warwick township school board. We refer to the building of the Millport school house, and if they have not yet found a name for it I would suggest that they call it the Muddy School House. I do not mean the building, but the lot on which it stands. The location of the old building was at a dry and healthy spot, did not suit them; it had to be removed to a place where it was muddy and almost beyond reach when there is wet weather. A few of our directors selected the present site merely for the convenience of half a dozen children and to the inconvenience of about 40 children in the village of Millport, notwithstanding they were offered ground by L.S. Reist only about 150 years away, which would have been by far preferable. Let us have reform in the school board.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, January 11, 1884 ROTHSVILLE RAMBLES –

A number of boys were coasting at the Sunnyside hill near Millport, last week, and the sled went so fast and far that they went through a paling fence, skinning their hands and faces. The RECORD reporter witnessed the scene. (The school at that location is known as the Sunnyside school.)


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, February 22, 1884 Brunnerville Bits –

Our village school has at present enrolled 76 pupils, and a monthly average attendance of 58, which we think is entirely too much for one teacher, to say nothing of the crowded conditions of the small school-house. We do hope that the school directors will take this matter into consideration and try to provide better facilities for the education of the young. Let them act in good time, so that when the next term opens in the fall there will be a change for the better. Mr. J.H. Enck, the teacher, is doing the best he can under present circumstances.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, March 21, 1884 Rothsville Rambles –

The spelling bee at Millport school was well attended on Friday evening last. Had it not been for the bad weather it would have been overcrowded. The spelling was grand, especially by the school, they taking five first prizes; the sixth one was awarded to Mr. Shirk, of Oregon, who also carried one away at the other spelling bee some time ago.

Our school closed with a small number of pupils in attendance, the measels [as spelled] having half the number at home before the close yesterday.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, May 2, 1884 Rothsville Rambles –

The subscription school is in progress in the Pleasant View school house, south of the Keystone hotel. Mr. Walter P. King is the teacher and has a goodly number of pupils.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, May 16, 1884 General Examination –

The examination of applicants for schools in this part of Lancaster county will be held as specified below, the examinations to begin at 9 A.M.:

  • Rapho twp., May 20, Sporting Hill
  • Manheim twp., May 23, Neffsville Ephrata twp., May 27, Ephrata
  • West Cocalico Twp., May 28, Schoeneck
  • Clay twp., May 29, Durlach
  • Elizabeth Twp., May 30, Brickerville
  • West Earl Twp., June 2, Earlville
  • Warwick twp., and Lititz, June 13, Lititz
  • Earl twp., June 17, New Holland
  • Manheim bor. and Penn twp., June 23, Manheim
  • East Cocalico twp., and Adamstown bor., June 28, Reamstown.

Applicants should come prepared for written examination, and should be examined in the district in which they first apply. No special examination will be granted except upon the written request of at least three members of a Board wishing to employ an applicant who could not attend any of the general examinations. Special examinations are not private.

The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, June 13, 1884

In the building of country school houses I notice one decided improvement. It is the erecting of a steeple with a bell in it. In the country where the children attending school are scattered far and near, and where nearly every one sets his clock more by guess than by a correct time, the ringing of the bell at opening hours is a capitol idea. It brings about a more punctual time of arrival, besides putting a little life into the quiet vicinity. There are now three schools in Warwick township with bells.

The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, June 20, 1884 TEACHERS’ EXAMINATION –

The County Superintendent Among the Pedagogues – The examination of applicants for schools in Warwick township and Lititz was held at the latter place on last Friday. The class was composed of seven ladies and four gentlemen. The following words were given as a test in spelling and defining: Poultice, solace, diversity, grievance, nuisance, oscillate, scintillate, petroleum, sacrilege, secretary, terrify, stupefy, impediment, superstitious, dilatory, facetious, hideous, partiality, poignant, convalescent, galvanize, juicy, neecy, incomparable, gondola, idolize, clemency, disfranchise, cuticle, influenza, cathartic, opodeldoc, marasmus, apoplexy. [All words as spelled in article.}


  1. Define what is meant by the New Education. Name its chief representative.
  2. What is meant by bands of mercy and should they have a place in our schools?
  3. Name three ways of developing the moral nature of a child.
  4. Name three ways of developing the expressive faculty of a child.
  5. Define discipline, school law, recitation, punishment, program, faculty, a successful school.


  1. a. Define decimal fraction, b. State a proportion, c. Given product and multiplicand, name the unknown term and tell how is it to be found, d. Use the four fundamental signs in an operation.
  2. If 20 yards of cloth, 1 yd. wide, shrink 4 per cent of the length and 5 percent of width, what is the loss in square yards?
  3. A. bought a horse on 8 months credit for $140, and sold him immediately for $150 cash. Required, the gain or loss in money, it being worth 8 per cent.
  4. I sold a quantity of leather through a broker who charged me 3½ per cent commission. My commission was 5½ per cent. After paying my broker, I had $30.40 remaining. What was the value of the leather.
  5. If a grocer uses scales that weigh 15¼ oz. to a lb., does he give or defraud and how much in value in selling $55.04 worth?
  6. A tourist leaves home at 12 M. on Monday, and on the following Saturday finds his watch 1 hour, 15 minutes slow. In what direction and how far did he travel?


  1. Motions of the earth and their effects.
  2. Civilization.
  3. Governments.
  4. Discuss Mexico in its relations to the U.S.
  5. Define great and small circles, meridian circle, climatic circle, axis, height of land, plateau, metropolis, cannibal, pagan.
  6. Locate Trieste, Cape San Lucas, Lake Winnepeg, Mt. Hecla, Gulf of Tonquin, Land of Dates, Galapagos islands. [All words as in article.]

The above work was written, while the examination in Grammar, Mental Arithmetic, Reading, and U.S. History and Constitution were oral. In the last named branch Prof. Brecht does not confine himself to questions concerning events that happened fifty and a hundred years ago, but evidently expects the instructors of the rising generation to know what it going on in the world now.

The examination was well attended. All the directors of Warwick township were present. The Millersville State Normal school also had a number of representatives present.

EDUCATIONAL – Appointment of Teacher’s in Various Places – Warwick township school board met at the Warwick House last Friday and made the following appointments:

  • Buch’s – Walter S. Stauffer
  • Brunnerville – J.H. Enck
  • Fairview – Miss S. Salinda Heiser
  • Lookout – I.K. Huber
  • Lexington – Miss Emma V. Huber
  • Millport – Walter P. King.
  • Martin’s – J.J. Biemesderfer
  • Pleasant View – A.N. Stauter
  • Rothsville (Upper) – J.F. Ruth
  • Rothsville (Lower) – B.F. Kopp
  • Rome – H.P. Fry
  • Sunnyside – Miss Augusta M. Bushong
  • Warwick – Cyrus Gibbel
  • Union – F.K. Sechrist

Term, 6 months; salary, permanent $45; Professional $42.50; provisional from $35 to $40. Lexington and Union school houses will be repaired and furnished with new furniture.



The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, August 22, 1884 Lexington Locals –

A 200-pound bell has been placed on the Lexington union school-house. To pay for it, money was collected in the school district, the school board attending to placing it in position. The school building is also being remodeled. A new floor, the walls wainscoted up to the windows, fresh paint and the latest improved school furniture comprise the changes. The school house was erected fourteen years ago. (ca 1870) The Lexington school-house along the Lititz and Lexington pike will be re-painted, remodeled and newly furnished with desks and benches. It is much needed, since it is twenty-five years since it was built and furnished. (ca 1859)

The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, August 29, 01884 Miscellaneous Matter –

The public schools of Warwick and Elizabeth townships will open on September 15th .


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, September 19, 1884

Lexington Locals On Saturday evening the school directors disposed at public sale at the Union school house a lot of old desks, boards, etc., left after the two school houses were repaired. Ben Hacker was the auctioneer, which probably was his first undertaking in this line. Rothsville Rambles Our public schools opened on Monday with a good attendance.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, November 7, 1884 Teachers’ Institute – The thirty-third annual session of the Lancaster County Teachers’ Institute will be held in Fulton Opera House, Lancaster, during the week beginning November 10th. Teachers and all others interested in this work are respectfully requested to present any popular questions of an educational character that they may wish to have discussed. The institute will devote a short time each day to questions, difficulties, irregularities of the teachers detailed from their own personal experience. Let the questions be clearly and definitely stated.

The teachers in general are respectfully asked to bring samples of pupils’ work to place on exhibition during the week. An opportunity will also be given for brief oral reports of any new or special plans or classes which teachers have found to promote fresh interest in their schools.

Thursday afternoon special attention will be given to subjects of direct interest to Directors. It is hope that every Board in the county will be present.

The evening sessions are of a popular order of excellence, replete with culture, instruction and entertainment and will be higly [as spelled in article] interesting and attractive.

The regular sessions of the institute will begin at 2 P.M. on Monday. The day sessions will be devoted chiefly to the discussions of the manner and matter of instruction especially adapted to the spirit of our common schools.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, November 28, 1884 Brunnerville Bits

Our village school is full. Every seat is occupied and about twelve more scholars are expected to come within the next month. The teacher, J.H. Enck will be obliged to make room for the incomers, as was done heretofore. We don’t see why the directors do not build a larger school house.

Rothsville Rambles The lower Rothsville school house has a new bell, with a charming sound. Who pays for it we do not know.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, December 5, 1884 Lexington Laconics – County Superintendent Brecht visited the school at this place on Monday.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, March 20, 1885 Rothsville References –

Our schools closed this week.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, March 27, 1885 Miscellaneous Matter

The Warwick township school board met at the Warwick house last Saturday and cashed off teachers for the last month of the term. All the schools are now closed and the youngsters generally are happy.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, April 3, 1885 Brunnerville Brieflets –

Miss Celinda Heiser, of Lexington, will start a pay school here, commencing next Monday. We trust she will be well patronized, as she is a first-class teacher, and has good prospects before her.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, April 24, 1885 LONGER SCHOOL TERMS –

The custom of holding pay or summer school in the country school houses after the regular winter session closes is a good one and should be still further extended. It is a conspicuous and a rather discouraging fact that most of the education acquired during the winter term is forgotten during the prolonged idleness which the children are allowed to indulge in throughout the summer. The importance of this fact and the necessity for removing it are readily apparent and parents are becoming to question their judgment in keeping their children so long from their books. In none of these summer schools is there a rigorous course of study pursued. The teachers and the parents as well know that this would not be judicious. A choice selection of easy and appropriate studies is what the children are required to follow, and it is generally the practice of the teachers to allow ample time for the necessary pastime of the scholars. To parents especially the summer school should commend itself. It makes a wise provision for their children in the way of acquiring knowledge by easy stages, while there is always a chance for them to retain a good measure of the learning gained during the winter months.

The smaller children especially should be sent to the summer schools. The winter session is not long enough, and the enforced summer idleness is not conducive to even an easy training of the mind. Again, in sending small children to these schools an opportunity is given them to acquire sufficient mental development to enable them to compete with their older companions in the harder studies of winter. This fact, in this connection, is quite important. An acquaintance with and experience in the methods of the school house are fortunate possessions to the youngster just entering the, to him, mysterious portals of the school. If he can gain this experience among those nearer his own age and with whom he most associates he is favorably equipped to compete in the winter schools.

We have intimated above that the winter school terms are too short, and this is becoming generally more apparent. The usual length of the sessions, as in Warwick, is about six months, which is too short a time. That this assertion is true may be proved by the fact that in several districts they now have a seven months’ term. It could easily be made eight. The children should be sent as much as possible to school. Of course, at the same time paying due attention to the absolute necessity of plenty of rest and play. Indeed, it would be a very good plan to have the winter term last nine months, and then, if thought proper, give the children the remaining three months of the year to themselves. The winter school term should be longer than they are at present, at least.


Lititz Record, Friday Morning, April 24, 1885

Miss Celinda Heiser’s Brunnerville school had thirty-four pupils.


Lititz Record, Friday Morning, May 1, 1885 Points for Teachers –

Prof. M.J. Brecht, Superintendent of the public schools, announces the time and places of holding the general examinations for 1885 as follows:

  • East Cocalico township and Adamstown Borough, May 15, Reamstown
  • West Cocalico township, May 16, Schoeneck
  • West Earl township, May 18, Earlville
  • Rapho township, May 20, Sporting Hill
  • West Hempfield township, May 22, Mountville
  • Upper Leacock township, May 23, Bareville
  • Mount Joy borough and Mount Joy township, May 27, Mount Joy
  • Manheim borough and Penn township, May 28, Manheim
  • Manheim township, June 9, Neffsville
  • Earl township, June 10, New Holland
  • Ephrata township, June 11, Ephrata
  • Clay township, June 12, Clay
  • Warwick township and Lititz, June 22, Lititz
  • Elizabeth township, June 23, Brickerville

The examination will begin at 9 o’clock in the morning. Besides the usual instructions to applicants the following special items occur in the notice to teachers:

Physiology and Hygiene with special reference to the effects of stimulants and narcotics upon the human system shall be introduced this year, and studied as a regular branch by all pupils, in all departments of the public schools of the state.

Branch Institutes, under the supervision of the County Superintendent, will be held the coming season at Manheim, Ephrata. Mount Joy, New Providence, and probably Maytown, and a few other points. The Thirty-fourth Annual Session of the County Teachers’ Institute, will be convened in Lancaster, on November 9, 1885.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, June 26, 1885

Teachers’ Examination – County Superintendent J.M. Brecht held his annual examination at this place on Monday. Nine Applicants entered the class, one failing. They were given the following work:


  1. Define memory, observation and perception.
  2. State to what extent you would use illustrations.
  3. Define object lessons and state three ends you would have in view in teaching object lessons.
  4. Give five ways of testing a pupil’s knowledge of a subject.


  1. For what sum must a note be drawn at three months that the proceeds when discounted at 7 per cent shall be $981.91⅔?
  2. If 10 horses in 50 days consume 5 tons of hay, how long will 8 2/5 tons, last 6 horses, 20 cows and 30 sheep, supposing each cow to eat one-half as much as a horse and each sheep one-third as much as a cow?
  3. I sent A $12,750 with which to buy wheat @ 1.25 per bushel; after deducting his commission of 2 per cent on money paid out, how many bushels did he buy?
  4. How many balls 1½ ft. in diameter are equal in volume to a cubical box 4 ft. in the clear?
  5. I wish to insure a property worth $5000 so as to include valuation and premium in case of loss, rate of insurance 1½ per cent. What is the face of policy?


  1. Draw State of New Hampshire, state 2 rivers, 3 cities, 2 lakes, industries, grazing, woolen goods, farming.
  2. Definition of bay, mountain system, channel, longitude, ecliptic, axis, civilization.
  3. Make a zigzag journey from Mt. McGregor to Mt. Orizable, pass through 5 cities each having over 100,000 inhabitants buying turpentine, gunpowder, cheese, petroleum, salt and quinine, at places produced.
  4. Name 4 rivers, 4 cities, 4 capes, 4 mountain, chains, 4 plateaus, 4 natural products, 4 cultivated products, 4 manufactures, 4 kinds wood, 4 species of animals, 4 kinds of soil, 4 kinds fish, 4 kinds birds of South America.

The class was also tried in grammar and orthography, but space prevents us from mentioning in full.

Teachers Appointed – The board of directors of Warwick township met at the Warwick House on Monday afternoon and appointed the following teachers for the next term:

  • Rome – Cyrus Gibble
  • Warwick – H.N. Biemesderfer
  • Martin’s – Samuel H. Ranck
  • Fairview – S. Celinda Heiser
  • Lexington – J.H. Enck
  • Union – J.J. Nable
  • Brunnerville – J. Lincoln Hertz
  • Lookout – J.H. Huber Upper
  • Rothsville – J.F. Ruth
  • Lower Rothsville – J.H. Levenight
  • Pleasant View – A.N. Stauter
  • Millport – A.H. Breneman
  • Sunnyside – J.J. Biemesderfer
  • Buch’s – H.R.

Gibble Salaries paid from $30 to 42, and $45 for permanent certificates.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, August 28, 1885 Items from Rothsville –

The lower school house is getting a new coat of paint.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, September 11, 1885

Items from Rothsville – Our public schools will open on Monday with the appearance of a good attendance.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, September 25, 1885 Items from Rothsville – Our schools, which opened on Monday, are already crowded, with many more to come.

Brunnerville Brieflets – Our village school opened on Monday with forty-four scholars enrolled and J.L. Hertz as teacher. As suggested in the RECORD a year ago, this school should be graded by all means, as by the time all the scholars are on hand, one teacher will have too much to do justice to his pupils. Let the board of directors take the matter into consideration.


Lititz Record, Friday Morning, December 4, 1885 EDUCATIONAL –

Warwick Wants a New School House – An interesting meeting of the Warwick township School board was held at the “Warwick House,” last Saturday afternoon. After the usual routine of business was gone through with, and the teachers had received their pay, Captain John Bricker presented a petition, signed by forty-seven heads of families, praying for the erection of a new school house to be erected in town. The Captain presented the case in an earnest and forcible manner, showing that the house was needed, on account of the large number of pupils who now attend the school, and are compelled to travel a long distance through snow, mud and stormy weather. He said if the house was in the village of Warwick, only about five or six children would have to travel from the country in, while now some forty have to go from the village out.

This is an injustice done the many, to accommodate the few. At present many of the smaller children do not obtain more than three or four months schooling during the term, on account of the distance and bad weather.

The Warwick people claim that as the Brunnerville and Pine Hill schools are very large there could easily be another district located, relieving these schools and the Warwick school then be located in the center of the population, a measure granted to all the other schools in the township and which they also have a right to demand.

If a house was erected in town, the town patrons would, in addition to the regular term, support a summer session of two or three months, thus giving to their children a double advantage over what they have now.

The signers of the petition represent about 79 children, and the tax paid by those who want the new house amounts, to $343.06. The average tax paid to support the schools in Warwick township is $334. So that those who desire the new house pay more than the average tax to a house. The average number of taxables to a school in the township is 62, while the actual taxables to the new house is 74. (Paragraph is as written in newspaper.)

The average amount necessary to support a school in the township is $270. They pay $343.06 each year and our children only get about one-third the term.

Mr. Bricker’s remarks were well received, and from the conversation which followed, the cordial consent of the School Board to take the matter under consideration, we are led to believe it will not be a very great while before the new school house will be built.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, December 11, 1885

A parent of two children of the Rome school took the children out of school because he was opposed to the new study of physiology imposed upon them.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, December 25, 1885 Brunnerville Brieflets –

Mr. L. Hertz with his entire school paid a visit to Mr. Whitson’s school at Lexington. They proceeded there on foot.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, December 25, 1885 Rothsville Remnants –

The roof on the lower Rothsville School house, which is a patent metallic one, is defective, and will be replaced with shingles. In the first place the metallic cost nearly twice as much as a wooden one and must now be tour {as spelled in article] off and shingled at an expense to the taxpayers.