The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, January 14, 1898

LOCAL DISTRICT INSTITUTE – The exercises of the Lititz District Institute were opened last Friday evening with music by the Mandolin club.

(And then follows a description of the papers, addresses, lectures and entertainment by Mandolin Club and music by various persons including the high school students. The institute concluded Saturday evening.)

A large audience was attracted to the U.B. Church on Saturday evening to hear Rev. G.B. Hancher of Kutztown, Pa. lecture on “You and Your Grandfather.” Every seat was taken and many had to stand. The lecture was well received.

The Lititz district is composed of Warwick, Manheim and Elizabeth townships and the borough of Lititz. Warwick township has nineteen teachers, of which four were absent. Manheim has fifteen and eleven were present; Elizabeth six and all were present; Lititz nine and every one present. The borough of Ephrata was represented by H.E. Gehman, F.S. Klinger and S.G. Zerfass. Elizabeth Sahm of E. Hempfield was another visiting teacher.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, February 11, 1898

Lexington Locals – Superintendent M.J. Brecht, accompanied by several of the directors, visited the Lexington school on Friday of last week and found everything in nice working order.
LIVE LITTLE LOCALS – Buch’s school in Warwick township, G.G. Minnich, teacher, will hold a spelling bee on Saturday evening, February 26. Full particulars will be given later.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, February 18, 1898

Rothsville Ramblings – A.L. Heiser’s Union Cigar factory in the old school house is filled with orders.

The pupils of Miss Carie Weidler’s school are practicing for an entertainment to be given in the P.O.S. of A. Hall next month

School Report – The Brunnerville primary school report for the term ending Feb. 14: Total number enrolled, 37; average attendance, male, 19; female, 16; per cent of attendance, 98. J.M. Risser, teacher.

Prize Spelling Bee – A grand spelling bee will be held in Buch’s school, G.G. Minnich, teacher, on Saturday evening, February 26. Sixteen valuable prizes will be given, as follows: Class 1. Open to children of 11 years and under. Class 2. Open to pupils of any public school. Class 3. Open to all. Class 4. A geographical class open to all. The programme will also include dialogues, recitations, tableaus and songs, some of which are very humorous.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, March 4, 1898

Rothsville Ramblings – Directory Henry Bomberger and E.E. Eby, teacher of Lexington school, visited our schools on Tuesday.
Two more weeks and our schools will be closed.

Mr. J.N. Mohn, teacher of Lower Rothsville school, will open a subscription school the last Monday in March. Terms will be reasonable, and all who can should avail themselves of such an opportunity and send their children. Mr. Mohn will call on all those who may send on Saturday, March 12th.

The lower Rothsville school will have closing exercises on Tuesday afternoon March 15th. Patrons and friends are invited to attend.
Big Spelling Bee and Entertainment – An unusually interesting entertainment and spelling bee was held at Buch’s school, about one mile west of Lititz, on Saturday evening, Feb. 26. The school, which is taught by G.G. Minnich, rendered the programme in excellent style. The first class was open to pupils of 11 years and under. First prize was won by Susan Minnich; second prize, Annie Stauffer; third prize, Norman Badorf; fourth prize, Janet Zeller. The second class was open to pupils of public schools, the prize winners being Helen Zeller, Katie Showers, Chester Hoffman and Homer Minnich. The third class was open to all. The prize winners were Homer Minnich, Helen Zeller, Katie Showers and John Miller. The fourth class was a geographical contest, open to all. The prize winners were Jacob Landis, Irwin Lupold, Harry Adaire and Elmer Adams. No one was allowed more than two prizes. The classes were taught by Anna Shirk, S.G. Zerfass, G.G. Minnich and E.H. Risser. Helen Zeller recited “A School Day’ in a pleasing style. A number of dialogues were rendered such as “Vice Versa,” “Spelling Skewl,” “A Day in a Doctor’s Office,” “Aunt Jemimah’s Courtship.” After these were given the “Darkey Club” gave a few of their amusing songs. The house was crowded to its utmost, many being turned away because they could not gain admittance.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, March 11, 1898

Lexington Locals – The Union school, Edgar Enck, teacher, will close on Thursday noon, March 17. The school will render a special programme on Wednesday afternoon, March 16. It will consist of Music, recitations, dialogues, etc. Everybody is cordially invited to be present.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, March 18, 1898

Brunnerville Brieflets – The Brunnerville primary school, taught by John M. Risser, ended its present term on Monday. Each scholar was presented with a beautiful card on which a report of the attendance during the term and also a photograph of Mr. Risser is printed. The secondary grade of our schools closed its door on Thursday noon. J.M. Reighter was the teacher.

Lexington Locals – Lexington school, taught by Elmer Eby, closed on Wednesday.

School Term Ended – Buch’s school, near Lititz, G.G. Minnich, teacher, closed on Tuesday, March 15. The attendance during the terms has been unusually good. The number in attendance during the term were 48. Average attendance during the term 46. Per cent of attendance 98. Number of visitors 75. The following pupils have attended every day during the term: Florence Minnich, Ada Stauffer, Lizzie Ruhl, Nora Minnich, Mamie Minnich, Emma Longenecker, Mabel Adams, Ella Minnich, Willie Zellar, Susan Minnich, Guy Buch, Harvey Habecker, Annie Stauffer, Roy Buch, Phares Miller. The following were absent one day: Katie Rudy, Emma Rudy, Chester Hoffman, Elmer Minnich, Lemon Habecker. The school now is in possession of the “Young People’s Cyclopedia” and a number of other books, etc which have been purchased from the proceeds of the spelling bee.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, March 25, 1898

Brunnerville Brieflets – John M. Risser opened a subscription school in the village school house with twenty-four pupils.

Rothsville Ramblings – The public schools closed last week.

Brunnerville School Report – The following is the Brunnerville primary school report for the term ending March 14: Total number of pupils enrolled, 37; average number of attendance, male 19; female, 16; per cent of attendance 98. (Then follows a list of pupils who attended 20 days for this term, and then a list of what appears to be a list for a longer period of time: seventeen who attended 120 days, two who attended 119 ½ days, three who attended 119 days, five who attended 118 ½ days.)
J.M. Risser, Teacher


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, April 1, 1898

Business Changes and Removals – Mr. I.W. Heagy, school teachers, was last Saturday elected to serve as gate keeper of the Lititz and Lexington turnpike, as successor to Daniel Sides. Mr. Heagy asked for this position because he is in failing health and his physician requested him to keep out of the school room. Mr. Heagy takes his place today. (Request possibly because of failing health caused by consumption.)


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, April 29, 1898

Brunnerville Brieflets – John M. Risser’s subscription school came to a close on Monday.

Teachers’ Examinations – The following partial list of places and dates for the holding of the teacher’s examinations for year 1898 in the county of Lancaster was issued by County Superintendent Brecht. The examinations will begin at 9 A.M.:

  • May 11 Manheim and East Hempfield, Neffsville.
  • May 20 Earl and Caernarvon, New Holland
  • May 25 East Cocalico and West Cocalico, Denver
  • June 2 Rapho and Penn, Sporting Hill
  • June 18 Warwick and Elizabeth, Lititz

In the general examinations, applicants should be examined in the districts in which they intend to teach. Where no examination is held for a district, the applicant will choose any place most convenient to himself.

All who are professionally interested in the Lancaster County Teachers’ Institute are requested to meet the county superintendent in his office, on Saturday, June 25th, at 10 A.M., for the purpose of arranging the general programme of the next county institute.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, May 13, 1898

Rothsville Ramblings – J.N. Mohn took his pupils to Mt. Gretna last Thursday. They had a good time, but were caught in rain on their way home.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, June 24, 1898

THE TEACHERS’ ORDEAL – Eleven applicants presented themselves in the Lititz High school room on Monday in order to undergo the annual ordeal to make a certificate. The following named were successful: Thomas Wolf, Dillman Bomberger, J.R. Wallich, E.E. Eby, Elam H. Risser, L.W. Martin, Herman McCloud, Lillie Wenger, Arthur Reist.

The following are some of the problems, etc. given to the applicants for solution:

Province, multitude, abundance, channel, Mediterranean, epidemic, custard, temperature, presence, armament, foreign, banana, accrue, administration, obstacle, previous, sensitive, agency, measles, felicitous, delicacy, eccentric, judicious, college, interpretation, genius, pursuit, commercial, compeer.


  1. A man spent ¾ of his money and then earned ½ as much as he spent, and then had $21 less than he had at first. How much money did he have at first?
  2. A person invested $2760 in bank stock at 115 and received an average annual income of $180. What was the rate of dividend, and what rate of interest of the money invested?
  3. How many rods of fence will enclose 10 acres in the form of a square?
  4. For what sum must I give my note at a bank payable in 4 months at 10 percent to obtain $300?
  5. How many circles each 3 inches in diameter contain the same area as a surface 2 5-10 feet square?
  6. A house valued at $3,240 is insured for of its value at ¾ per cent. What is the premium?
  7. Extract the cube root of 28.094464.
  8. Find the volume of a log 18 ft. long, 1 ½ square at one end, 2 ¼ ft. square at the other end.
  9. State the formulas of surface and volume of spheres.


  1. See, as they pass, they swing the censors of a thousand flowers that bend o’er the young herbs of spring, and the sweet odors like a prayer ascend, while, passing bends, the breeze wakes the grave anthems of the trees. Analyze the expression and parse the italicized words.
  2. Write a composition of Gen. Blanco – not fewer than sixty words.
  3. Illustrate by means of a sentence in which a noun or a pronoun may be used in the nominative case.


  1. What influence has the study of language on the formation of habit?
  2. Submit a few practical rules that may be used to form habit?
  3. What is the difference between an image and a concept?
  4. State the different plans a pupil might follow in studying a spelling lesson.


  1. Name some metropolitan papers.
  2. Name a Spaniard mentioned in your history.
  3. Steam-power suggests whose name.
  4. How long did it take Columbus to cross the ocean?
  5. When was the first steamboat invented?
  6. Who was the president in 1807?
  7. Who was the last Dutch governor?
  8. To what party did Jefferson belong?
  9. Who was the expositor of states rights?
  10. Who was the great expounder of the constitution?
  11. Name the periods into which the history of the U.S. may be divided.
  12. Name a prominent man in colonial history.
  13. Did you see anything about an Anglican alliance?
  14. How is the number of congressman determined?
  15. What is meant by gerrymandering?
  16. Can you remember dates well?
  17. Did the fathers of the constitution say anything about slavery?
  18. What is anarchy?
  19. Who was Warren Hastings


  1. Executive department.
  2. Powers of congress.
  3. Powers denied to congress.
  4. Organization of congress.


  1. Bound the United States. Capital of Canada. Capital of Mexico.
  2. Does England own any part of North America?
  3. What kind of government has Mexico?
  4. Who was the author of reciprocity?
  5. What direction is Hawaii from the U.S.?
  6. Name the physical regions of the U.S.
  7. What is a plateau?
  8. Name the different relief features.
  9. Locate France – capital – products.
  10. What is a continent?
  11. Predominant mountains of Asia.
  12. What influence have mountains on a country?
  13. Capital of the Sandwich Islands.
  14. Where is the Tyrol?


  1. Write an outline on the muscles.
  2. Active principle of the poison of tobacco.
  3. What is the function of the synovial membrane?
  4. What provision is made in the construction of the skull to distribute the effects of a blow?
  5. What is a cold?
  6. What are some of the evil effects of a cold?
  7. Why does the use of alcohol cause the face to flush?
  8. Describe the structure and function of the larynx.
  9. What is the physiological argument for variety of diet?
  10. State how you would check the flow of blood from an artery.
  11. What is the function of the perspiratory (sic) glands?
  12. What is the weight of the liver?
  13. What is glycogen?
  14. What are the essential conditions for good health?

[The headline of this article is entire appropriate: THE TEACHERS’ ORDEAL.]

Rothsville Notes – On Saturday Mr. J.N. Monh’s school were picnicking at the Conestoga creek near Brownstown. The children all voted it a good time.

Teachers of Warwick for Next Term – The Warwick School Board met at the Warwick House on Monday afternoon and made the following appointments for the next term:

  • Warwick No. 1 N.E. Reist
  • Warwick No. 2 Florence Baker
  • Huber’s C.B. Brubaker
  • Lookout Grace Hershey
  • Brunnerville No. 1 E.B. Barnett
  • Brunnerville No. 2 John M. Risser
  • Lexington Elmer E. Eby
  • Union D.W. Dietrich
  • Buch’s Elam Hess
  • Fairview Hattie Landis
  • Kissel Hill I.W. Martin
  • Sunnyside D. Bomberger
  • Rome J.B. Haag
  • Millport W.S. Stauffer
  • Pleasant View Laura Buch
  • Rothsville Graded G.R. Pfautz
  • Upper Rothsville Carrie Weidler
  • Lower Rothsville J.N. Mohn
  • Millway Mary E. Miller

The teachers of Warwick are requested to meet at the Warwick House, Sept. 17. The schools open Monday, Sept. 19.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, August 26, 1898

LOCAL GOSSIP – When the schools open, the first demand will be for supplements to the geographies to bring them up to date with respect the West Indies and the islands of the Pacific.

The children are now counting the days until they shall meet their dear teachers again.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, September 16, 1898

Lexington Locals – On Monday the schools at this place will open. Some of the boys and girls will no doubt be glad while others we presume will be sorry that there (sic) vacation has come to an end. The Union school will be taught by D.W. Dietrich and the Lexington by Elmer Eby.

LOCAL EVENTS COLUMN – Most of the rural public schools, including our neighboy Warwick, will open for the term on Monday next.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning September 23, 1898

Lexington Locals – The schools of this place opened on Monday with a good attendance. The Union school, D.W. Dietrich, teacher, has forty-seven scholars enrolled and the Lexington, Elmer Eby, teacher, has thirty-one enrolled. The attendance in both schools will be larger later on.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, September 30, 1898

LAST SEPTEMBER DAYS – The local teachers’ district institute for Lititz borough and adjoining townships will be held the third Saturday of January next.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, October 14, 1898

Lexington Locals – The Union School, D.W. Dietrich, teacher, was out chestnutting on Tuesday afternoon. They got few chestnuts, but the scholars had an enjoyable time.

The Compulsory School Law – On the first of November, the compulsory school law will be positively enforced by the school board of our borough. Al children between the ages of 6 and 13 years must attend school no less than 126 continuous school days, and any parent who will be found guilty of violating the act can be arrested and fines. It is also compulsory upon the board of directors it they neglect to enforce the law. (NOTE: The policy for the Warwick Township School Board of Directors was not yet published at this time.)


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, October 21, 1898

Lexington Locals – The Union school, D.W. Deitrich, teacher, organized lyceum, last Friday afternoon and elected the following officers: Pres., Willis Hackman; vice pres., Vernon Kline, sec., Della Hassler; treas., Harvey Markley; editor, Warren Enck; critic, Maurice Schreiner. They will beet every two weeks. The question for discussion on Friday afternoon, Oct. 28th, is: Resolved, That the soldiers should receive more honor than the sailor for valor during the late war.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, October 28, 1898

County Teachers’ Institute – The forty-seventh annual session of the Lancaster County Teachers’ Institute will be held in Lancaster city beginning Monday, November 14, and continues until the 18th inclusive. The day sessions will be held in the court house and all friends of education are invited to attend. The evening session will be held in Fulton Opera House.

The instructors of the institute will be the following well-known and prominent educators:

Dr. E.O Lyte, pedagogy; Dr. M.G. Brumbaugh, literature; Dr. O.T. Corson, psychology; Prof. S.D. Fess, history; Prof. Byron Kling, reading; Prof. W.D. Keeny, music. Addresses will be delivered by State Superintendent N.C. Schaeffer and Miss Marianna Gibbons. Department work will be conducted by special committees.

The evening programme will be as follows: Monday evening – A.W. Lamar, “Dixie Before the War.” Tuesday evening – Byron W. King, Shakespeare; Katherine E. Oliver, Scottish Character. Wednesday evening – Henry Watterson, “Abraham Lincoln,” Thursday evening – Oxford Musical Club; Miss Lois E. Shelley, singing.

Brunnerville School Report – The following is a repot of the Brunnerville Primary school for the month ending, October 14; Number enrolled male 18, female, 19; per cent of attendance, male 99, female 100. J.M. RISSER, Teacher (The names of the pupils who attended 20 days are listed.)

The following is a report of the Brunnerville No. 1 school for the month ending Oct. 14, 1898: No. of male pupils 15, No. of female pupils 11; percentage of attendance of males 92; percentage of attendance of females 09. Thos who missed no days during the month were: (The names of 13 students are listed.) W.C. ESBENSHADE, Teacher Report of Lexington Union School – Number of males enrolled 21; female 27; total 48. Per cent of attendance. males 100; females 100. (The names of all the students who attended every day during the month is listed.)
The parents and all interested in the success of the school are cordially invited to visit the same.

D.W. DIETRICH, Teacher.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, November 11, 1898

Brunnerville Brieflets – John M. Risser, teacher of the Brunnerville primary school, had closed on Thursday on account of attending the Snyder-Brubaker wedding.

Lexington Locals – The Union School, D.W. Dietrich, teacher, was closed on Tuesday as Mr. Dietrich was one of the election officers.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, November 18, 1898

Lexington Locals – A new roof was placed on the Union school-house this week

Brunnerville Brieflets – The school bell, which recently broke, will be replaced with a new one.

TEACHERS AND SCHOOLS BENEFITTED – The school teachers of the county spent the week in Lancaster, the occasion of their congregation being the forty-seventh annual institute. They saw and heard things innumerable; almost all of which are worthy of remembrance and helpful in their profession. A great number of the valuable points were of course got from lecturers and illustrators, but the benefits derived from communion with each other must not be underrated. Some cynic has ventured to say that the institute is a picnic, affording opportunity for something like a spree. It is nothing of the kind, as everybody will earn who hears the teachers sing and sees them absorb the thoughts of the bright lecturers.

We have witnessed the proceedings and can testify to the advantages of the institute. Prof. Byron King, on Tuesday, gave the teachers a point on literature and reading that must be classed as valuable. If one would read, he said, one must read to fin three things: the thought, the emotion and the will power or energy of the poem. His elaboration of these qualities was a treat even to laymen. Pupils acquire the habit of reading mechanically; that is, they perform the task set by the teacher without thinking of the picture the words form. Unless the teacher breaks this habit the pupil will be benefited about as much by reading from the end as from the beginning of the article.

Many phases of the subject of child training were given by the lecturers, and their recommendation, if judiciously applied, will without doubt greatly improve the schools.

(The above is an editorial in nature and protecting the holding of the Teachers’ Institute.)

THIS AND THAT ABOUT HOME – Many of the lecturers before the teachers’ institutes are talking against the quantity of books scholars have to carry to and from school, claiming that the load causes permanent deformities, etc. It is evident to the casual observer as the scholars pass to and from school, that they have a big load to carry.

County Teachers in Session – The forty-seventh annual session of the Lancaster County Teachers’ Institute began at Lancaster on Monday, the first session’s enrollment being 620. County Superintendent M.J. Brecht was elected president. The annual opening address was delivered by Dr. N.C. Schaeffer, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, his subject being, “The New Point of View for Teaching History and Civil Government.” Dr. O.T. Corson spoke on “Tack in the School Room.” and Prof. Byron King on “Reading.” In the evening Dr. A.W. Lamar lectured on “Dixie Before the War.”


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, November 25, 1898

Lexington Locals – Both the Union and Lexington schools were closed on Thursday and Friday of this week.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, December 9, 1898

Brunnerville School Reports – The following is a report of the Brunnerville Primary school for the month ending November 21: Number of pupils enrolled, male, 18; female, 19; per cent of attetndance, male 100; female, 99; (Listed are the names of 33 pupils who attended 20 days.) J.M. Risser, Teacher

The following is a repost of the Brunnerville School No. 1: Whole number in attendance, males, 17; females, 13; percentage of attendance, males, 96; females, 96. (Listed are the names of 17 pupils who attended 20 days and a list of 4 who missed 1 day or less.) Willis C. Esbenshade, Teacher


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, December 16, 1898

A BLAZE AT WARWICK – A School House Partly Destroyed by Fire – About 6 o’clock on Friday evening last fire broke out at the roof of the Warwick school house No. 1, situated in the rear of Sam’l B. Erb’s residence, in the village of Warwick. The Lititz Hose Co.’s fire alarm bell gave a general alarm and the hose company was early at the scene and playing water on the rapidly burning building, which was a one story frame structure with a shingle roof, surmounted by a belfry, in which hung a good-sized bell.
The fire was finally got under control, but not until the roof was nearly all burned away together with the belfry, the bell falling through to the first floor.

Many of the books and other loose fixtures were removed. The desks were fastened to the floor and could not be taken out, but the most of them are little damaged. The teacher, Mr. Nathan Reist, had a large library of books in the school, besides a collection of insects, some of which were damaged by fire and water.

The sides and ends of the building were little damaged and it can be rebuilt without tearing it down to the ground. There was no insurance on the building.

The cause of the fire was a defective flue – built insecure in the first place, as are most of the school houses in the township, all of which will now no doubt be altered. A new fire was started in the furnace in the cellar on Friday afternoon.
The fire cause considerable excitement and many people of Lititz and Warwick hurried to the scene. The members of the Hose Co. worked hard and earnestly in conquering the flames, which shot up high and could be seen at a great distance.
The school board met Saturday and at once put carpenters to work to rebuild, and it is expected that only two weeks will be required until school can be resumed. The children will have a vacation in the meantime.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, December 23, 1898

Lexington Locals – The Union school, D.W. Dietrich, teacher, will have special exercises on Friday afternoon. The programme will consist of dialogues, recitations, etc. The school house is beautifully decorated. Everybody is invited to be present.


The Lititz Record, Friday Morning, December 30, 1898

The Warwick school building, which was partly destroyed by fire three weeks ago, was reopened last Monday, when teacher and pupils renewed their work with increase vigor.

The Manheim Sentinel says: “School teachers in Warwick township are obliged to be in their school-rooms at seven o’clock every morning, in order to be on time to entertain their pupils as soon as they arrive. This would be sort of a puzzler for some of our teachers who have a hard time getting to their school-rooms by a quarter past eight each morning.”

School Superintendents to be Elected – County, city and borough superintendents of public schools will be elected in 1899. The School Gazette says that Supt. Brecht will almost certainly be again re-elected without opposition; that there is as yet no opposition to Supt. Geo. Weiss, of Schuylkill county, who has served six terms, and that of Supt. Geo. W. Twitmeyer, of Bethlehem, is likely to be chosen head of schools in a city of Eastern Pennsylvania, Supt. Brecht succeeded Supt. B.F. Shaub in 1883, and has served, therefore, more than fifteen years.
Rothsville Notes – Little Benny wanted to thrash one of our teachers last Saturday evening. It were well if that teacher would have had one of his rods or correction along with him and given Benny a sound thrashing and sent him home to bed. (Who is Benny?)
Each of our village schools held Christmas exercises last Friday afternoon. This is just what each teacher ought to observe, notwithstanding the shallow-minded ideas of a few croakers here and there.

Last Monday our Rothsville school was visited by Prof. G. Herman Goetz, J.W. Hershey and J.B. Haag of Lititz
Lexington Locals – The scholars of the Union school, D.W. Dietrich, teacher, had special exercises on Friday afternoon. The programme consisted of recitations, dialogues and singing. Each scholar was treated to a box of candy and two bananas. The scholars also remembered their teacher, as they presented him with a water set. There were quite a number of visitors in attendance and they were all well please with the exercises.


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